The yearly development process of grapevines is the method which takes place in the vineyard annually, beginning with bud break in the spring and culminating in leaf fall in autumn followed by winter dormancy.
From a winemaking viewpoint, each step in the procedure represents an important factor in the formation of grapes with ideal traits for making wine.
It is important to keep an eye on the impact of climate change, vine disease and pests in assisting the vines further development from bud break, flowering, fruit set, veraison, harvesting, leaf fall and dormancy-reacting if necessary with the use of viticultural practices like canopy management, irrigation, vine training and the use of agrochemicals.
The stages of the annual growth cycle usually become observable within the first year of a vine’s life. The length of time spent at each stage of the growth cycle depends on a number of factors-most notably the type of climate (warm or cool) and the characteristics of the grape variety.